As long as the Saffron flower blossoms each spring, the Saffron plant is healthy as long as it is a Saffron flower in bloom. However, if you are having trouble noticing the Saffron flower in spring, you should consider the most recent bloom dates before attempting in the future to plant the plant. The best place to plant the Saffron plant is during the spring and summer when the flowers are still open and looking like this (and this is a good time to plant other plants or flowers in addition to the Saffron for optimal growth). This is also the best time to check for bugs and diseases as we would be unable to get a proper root system if the plant were being damaged by too much heavy cultivation.
Is there any way to harvest the flower buds?
Although there’s not much of a reason to grow the Saffron flower out, it works in its own way. The pistil (the flower in the bud) of certain plants are actually part of the seeds within the flowers.
To gather the seed that is inside the flower, you need to scrape the flower. The flower shoots need to be removed (see how to harvest the Saffron flower in the next section), and placed on a flat surface. It is difficult to remove the seeds as the flower shoots need the stem so, to be safe, you should place them in soil that is full of peat (aka peat moss) and keep them there.
Once the seedlings have had sufficient time to gather, I like to remove the seedlings and keep them in soil with the peat moss (if there is any of it left). These seedlings are very fragile and will fall to the earth in the worst case. If you do not care at all for this procedure, you can always harvest the seeds directly from the flower but then it will be a bit harder to get the seeds into the plant because seeds are not as easily removed as the flower buds are.
Should I be planting Saffron seeds in pots with the stems exposed to direct sunlight?
You should place the seeds directly into the pots without the stems exposed. The idea is to encourage the plants to become established. The plant will start producing new seeds when the roots are not wet and so as long as the roots are dry, the new seeds (new leaves) will be able to grow in the environment without being injured in any way.
However, if you are growing the
how to grow saffron for profit, white saffron crocus, fedco saffron, growing saffron in washington state, saffron crocus bulbs